He trained as an architect and then taught and researched in both architecture and art and design schools. He started lecturing at Cambridge Department of Architecture where he also founded (with Alex Pike) the Technical Research Division (now part of the Martin Centre) where he researched energy in building and autonomous housing, won his first substantial research grants and supervised his first of many doctoral students. He has taught around the world and is author of over 200 book chapters and papers. Public recognition includes having been a Board Member for the Design Council of Hong Kong, and Art Advisor to the Art and Heritage Museum Hong Kong. More recently served on the Action Agenda for the built environment and other working parties for the Australian Government. He is Chair of the John and Julia Frazer Foundation for Accelerating Architecture where the focus is on the art and science of designing and creating self-generating, self-organising and self-sustaining systems, interacting and evolving with the users and the inhabitants in conjunction with the natural forces of the environment.